Mustefa Omer Shukshukta | Abrham Gebremedhin Shukshukta | Dr Abiy Ahmed Shuskhukta

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Mustefa Omer Shukshukta | Abrham Gebremedhin Shukshukta | Dr Abiy Ahmed Shuskhukta Zehabbesha Abiy Ahmed Ali is an Ethiopian politician serving as the 15th and current Prime Minister of Ethiopia since 2 April 2018.He is chairman of both the ruling EPRDF (Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front) and the ODP (Oromo Democratic Party), which is one of the four coalition parties of the EPRDF.Abiy is also an elected member of the Ethiopian parliament, and a member of the ODP and EPRDF executive committees. A former army intelligence officer, since becoming Prime Minister, Abiy has launched a wide programme of political and economic reforms. biy Ahmed was born in the town of Beshasha in the historic Kaffa Province (in modern times Jimma Zone, Oromia Region), Ethiopia, on 15 August 1976 His father, Ahmed Ali, is a Muslim Oromo; while Abiy's deceased mother, Tezeta Wolde, was an Amhara Orthodox Christian. Abiy is the thirteenth child to his father and was the sixth and youngest child of his mother. His childhood name was Abiyot, meaning Revolution, in Amharic, a name that was sometimes given to children in the aftermath of the Derg revolution of 1974.The then Abiyot went to the local primary school and later continued his studies at secondary schools in Agaro town. Abiy, according to several personal reports, was always very interested in his own education and later in his life also encouraged others to learn and to improve. While serving in the Ethiopian National Defense Force, Abiy received his first degree, a Bachelor's degree in Computer Engineering from the Microlink Information Technology College in Addis Ababa in 2001. In 2005, Abiy earned a post-graduate certificate in Cryptography at Machine Dynamics in Pretoria, Republic of South Africa (AES encryption based on block cipher). Abiy holds a Master of Arts in Transformational Leadership and Change with Merit, earned from the Business School at Greenwich University, London, in collaboration with the International Leadership Institute, Addis Ababa, in 2011. He also holds a Master of Business Administration from the Leadstar College of Management and Leadership in Addis Ababa in partnership with Ashland University in 2013. Abiy, who had started his Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) work several years ago as a regular student,completed his PhD in 2017 at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University. He did his PhD work on the Agaroconstituency with the PhD thesis entitled “Social Capital and its Role in Traditional Conflict Resolution in Ethiopia: The Case of Inter-Religious Conflict In Jimma Zone state”. As a follow-up to his PhD thesis, he published a research article on de-escalation strategies in the Horn of Africa Bulletin in a special journal issue dedicated to countering violent extremism.

Ethiopia’s attorney general has asked the country’s High Court to drop charges against a prominent journalist and two foreign based media organisations. Criminal charges against Berhanu Nega, leader of Ginbot 7 (G7), as well as Jawar Mohammed, executive director of Oromo Media Network (OMN) and a prominent Oromo activist will be duly dropped. The two were accused along with prominent Oromo opposition politician, Dr. Merera Gudina of leading the 2015 anti-government protests. displayAdvert("mpu_3") The attorney general’s office has also said charges against two foreign based media organizations, OMN and ESAT were dropped. The institutions had been charged under Ethiopia’s anti-terrorism laws, accused of fuelling the protests by serving as a communication tool for terrorist organizations such as Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) and Patriotic G7, both outlawed under Ethiopian laws. State broadcaster, Fana BC reported that the High Court subsequently accepted the attorney general’s request. Ethiopia’s political reforms The actions of the attorney general are part of wider reforms by Ethiopia’s ruling party that have included release of political prisoners, change of guard at the country’s highest political office and reaching out to opposition political parties. SUGGESTED READING:Ethiopia to close notorious prison and
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